It is suspected that with the election of Donald Trump to President of the United States, there will be a rush of people leaving the United States to live in Canada. The reason why this is suspected is because on the day that the results came in, so many Americans visited the Canadian Immigration website that it had to temporarily close. This is not the first time it has happened though, it also happened a few years ago when the Wall Street Stock Market dropped dramatically. It would therefore appear that if things are going bad in the US or people think things are going to be bad, they look north to Canada as somewhere where they can hide from the trouble. Fortunately for those Americans that do think of leaving and moving to Canada, Canada is one of the easiest countries in the world to immigrate to.
The reason why this is that although Canada is the second largest country, by size, in the world, its population is very small and that means that they often do not have enough people for all the jobs. In fact they are so short of workers that sometimes they display job vacancies abroad and welcome workers to come and live in Canada. When they advertise abroad though, it is usually for a certain job which they need people for, ordinarily though, they have what is something called the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) and this is a list of jobs or professions which they are generally and usually short of in the country. If you are skilled, experienced or qualified for one of these jobs or professions on that list, immigration to Canada will be a lot easier for you.
This Federal list applies to the country as a whole but the country is divided into 10 Provinces and 3 Territories and they each have their own shortages when it comes to filling vacancies. This means that they create their own lists also and so if you are on one of those lists, it may still be easy for you to move to Canada but only to the Province where you are needed. In the past some people have applied for and received student Visas and when they were ready, applying for a work Visa was easy. Canada though is a big country and there are still jobs which are not on any of those lists that still need filling and so you can still apply but it may take a little longer and it may not be as successful as it is if you had been on a list. Of course though, Americans can go across the border to Canada without any Visa but they are not supposed to stay there or take up any employment there unless they have the appropriate Visa or residency status. Maybe when Trump does become President, enough Americans will immigrate to Canada that they no longer have problems filling all their vacancies.